Solid wood furniture materials include ash, oak (white oak, red oak), rubber wood, pine, beech and walnut, teak, cedar, camphor, elm, nanmu (Phoebe), cherry and maple Wait.
1. Pine wood. There are two main materials used for pine furniture, one is Masson pine, the other is Pinus sylvestris, mainly Pinus sylvestris, which is an important raw material for man-made fiberboard in decoration. The texture of Masson pine is straight or uneven, and the structure is medium to thick. The disadvantage is that the cracking is more serious when dry. Not resistant to corrosion. Poor paint and bonding performance. It has strong nail-holding power and is relatively less used as a woodworking board in furniture. The price of woodworking board is generally about 3 times that of the same size Chinese fir integrated board or large core board. Pinus sylvestris are widely used as the material of mid-range solid wood furniture, and many log furniture use pine. Pine has a stronger texture, clearer texture and better wood. Compared with fir, Pinus sylvestris has a more beautiful grain and less scarring.
2. Oak. Oak is a common name, and the scientific name of real oak is oak. In fact, the red oak is not really red, but the woody yellow is slightly pink. The white oak is not white, but light yellow. Oak is characterized by heavy hard, straight grain, coarse structure, elegant color and beautiful texture, high mechanical strength, and abrasion resistance, but the wood is not easy to dry sawing and cutting. At the same time, if the large area is used in large areas, the degree of deformation is large, and the oak pattern also has straight grains. The difference between the horizontal pattern and the horizontal pattern is that the straight pattern is more attractive and the price is slightly more expensive.
3. Chinese fir. Chinese fir is the cheapest wood you can touch. It is a unique fast-growing commercial timber tree species in my country. It is characterized by fast growth, good material, straight wood texture, uniform structure, light and tough material, moderate strength, resistance to insects and corrosion, and easy processing. Cunninghamia lanceolata belongs to softwood, and it has two main disadvantages. One is that Cunninghamia lanceolata is a fast-growing wood with a maturity period of 4-6 years. The production is rapid, the natural wood fiber is loose, and the water content is large, the surface hardness is soft, and external forces are easy to cause Scratches, the second disadvantage is that there are many scars, and there is a black scar every short distance. Therefore, Chinese fir is generally less used to make furniture, but is used to make pulp, blockboard, density board, particle board, keel, or made into finger joint board to make interior baffle for furniture.
Among the three woods of oak, fir and pine, the former oak is the most expensive and has the most delicate texture; the latter Chinese fir and pine are the most commonly used. Chinese fir is divided into three types: Metasequoia, Xiangshan and spruce, and the latter is spruce. The material is the hardest and has a higher density. It is an ideal material for furniture; pine and spruce have similar textures and have a large number of knots, but the color of the log is slightly whiter than that of fir, which is relatively higher than spruce, and its durability is equivalent. ! Which is best ultimately depends on your actual needs!